Wednesday, 23 July 2014

The Geography of Sabah

The western a part of territory is usually mountainous, containing the 3 highest mountains in Asian country. the foremost distinguished vary is that the Crocker range that homes many mountains of variable height from regarding one,000 metres to four,000 metres. At the peak of four,095 metres, Mount Kinabalu is that the highest mountain in South East Asia . The jungles of territory square measure classified as rainforests and host a various array of plant and animal species. Kinabalu park was inscribed as a World Heritage website in 2000 thanks to its richness in plant diversity combined with its distinctive geologic, geography, and climate.

Lying near Mount Kinabalu is Mount Tambuyukon. At a height of two,579 metres, it's the third highest peak within the country. Adjacent to the Crocker vary is that the Trus Madi vary that homes the second highest peak within the country, Mount Trus Madi, at a height of two,642 metres. There square measure lower ranges of hills extending towards the western coasts, southern plains, and also the interior or central a part of territory. These mountains and hills square measure traversed by an in depth network of stream valleys and square measure in most cases lined with dense rain forest.

The central and eastern portion of territory square measure usually lower mountain ranges and plains with occasional hills. Kinabatangan stream begins from the western ranges and snakes its manner through the central region towards the geographic area out into the Sulu ocean. it's the second longest stream in Asian country once Rejang stream at a length of 560 kilometres. The forests encompassing the stream depression conjointly contains AN array of life habitats, and is that the largest forest-covered plain in Asian country.

Thursday, 22 August 2013

The past of Sabah

The past of Sabah can be mapped out to about 23-30000 years ago when facts suggests the initial human settlement in the region existed. The history is intermingled with the past of Brunei and the past of Malaysia, to which Sabah was earlier part of and is presently part of respectively. The earliest recorded history of Sabah being part of any organized civilization started in the early 16th century during the prosperous age of the Sultanate of Brunei.

Before this, early inhabitants of the land stayed in primarily tribal societies, though such tribal societies had continued to survive until the 1900s. The eastern part of Sabah was surrendered to the Sultan of Sulu by the Sultan of Brunei in 1658 for the ex helping a triumph over Brunei foes. By the late 19th century, both territories formerly possessed by Sultan of Brunei and Sultan of Sulu were awarded to British syndicate. Sabah became a territory of the United Kingdom in 1888 and consequently became a crown colony until 1963, during which time it was known as North Borneo. On September 16, 1963, Sabah combined with Malaya, Sarawak and Singapore to form the Federation of Malaysia.

Monday, 18 February 2013


The origin of the name Sabah is uncertain, and there are many theories that have arisen. One theory is that during the time it was part of the Bruneian Sultanate, it was referred to as Saba because of the presence of pisang saba, a type of banana, found on the coasts of the region. 

Due to the location of Sabah in relation to Brunei, it has been suggested that Sabah was a Bruneian Malay word meaning upstream or the northern side of the river. Another theory suggests that it came from the Malay word sabak which means a place where palm sugar is extracted. Sabah is also an Arabic word which means sunrise. The presence of multiple theories makes it difficult to pinpoint the true origin of the name.

It has been said that Sabah was once referred to as Seludang in a 1365 Javanese text known as Nagarakretagama written by Mpu Prapanca.

Wednesday, 8 August 2012


Sabah is one of 13 member states of Malaysia, and is its easternmost state. It is located on the northern portion of the island of Borneo. It is the second largest state in the country after Sarawak, which it borders on its southwest. It also shares a border with the province of East Kalimantan of Indonesia in the south. In spite of its status as a Malaysian state, Sabah remains a disputed territory; the Philippines has a dormant claim over much of the eastern part of the territory. The capital of Sabah is Kota Kinabalu, formerly known as Jesselton. Sabah is often referred to as "Land Below The Wind", a phrase used by seafarers in the past to describe lands south of the typhoon belt.

Wednesday, 17 August 2011

Northern Cardinal

The Northern Cardinal is a mid-sized songbird with a body length of 20–23 cm (7.9–9.1 in) and a wingspan of 25–31 cm (9.8–12 in). It weighs about 45 g (1.6 oz). The male is slightly larger than the female. The male is a brilliant crimson red with a black face mask over the eyes, extending to the upper chest. The color is dullest on the back and wings. The female is fawn, with mostly grayish-brown tones and a slight reddish tint on the wings, the crest, and the tail feathers.

The face mask of the female is gray to black and is less defined than that of the male. Both sexes possess prominent raised crests and bright coral-colored beaks. The beak is cone-shaped and strong. Young birds, both male and female, show the coloring similar to the adult female until the fall, when they molt and grow adult feathers. They are brown above and red-brown below, with brick-colored crest, forehead, wings, and tail. The legs and feet are a dark pink-brown. The iris of the eye is brown. The plumage color of the males is produced from carotenoid pigments in the diet.

Coloration is produced from both red pigments and yellow carotenoid pigments. Northern Cardinal males possess the ability to metabolize carotenoid pigments to create plumage pigmentation of a different color than the ingested pigment. When fed only yellow pigments, males become a pale red color, rather than a yellow.